Vigorously Develop Smart Sensing Materials and Devices
Vigorously develop smart sensing materials and devices
Intelligent sensor devices are the sensing units in the information age, which can receive and process massive amounts of data and transmit information instantaneously. 5G communications, artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things, advanced robots, unmanned driving, intelligent manufacturing, and intelligent transportation are developing. It plays an important role in smart medical care and in promoting high-quality economic transition and building a future smart society.
In the initial stage of the rapid development of computer and communication technology, people neglected sensor technology, which caused the dilemma that the "brain" of information technology was developed and the "facial senses" were dull. After entering the new century, with the maturity of advanced manufacturing technologies such as nanomaterials and MEMS, developed countries have accelerated the deployment of smart sensing technologies, and established the development of sensing technologies and products in the direction of intelligent systems that integrate sensing, knowledge, and interconnection functions. With the support of national policies, my country has initially formed a sensor technology research and development system, and has built several platforms. There are more than 1,800 sensor companies and 40 listed companies. However, my country's sensing materials and devices are still facing problems such as lack of key technologies, weak innovation capabilities, insufficient effective supply of products, and weak international competitiveness. For example, more than 90% of high-end magnetic sensors and medical sensors rely on imports; during the new crown pneumonia epidemic, due to the insufficient supply of core sensor components such as flow and pressure in Europe and the United States, the output of ventilators in my country is only 1/3 of the actual production capacity. "Science and Technology Daily" on April 25, 2018 pointed out that the strict requirements for the accuracy and stability of sensors have stopped most Chinese enterprises from moving towards tactile sensors. The reason is that, on the one hand, the increasingly complex device technology makes small and medium-sized enterprises "daunting"; on the other hand, intellectual property is an insurmountable "blocker" and requires more exploration and innovation.
The first is to continue to strengthen applied basic research, establish a cross-disciplinary intelligent sensor research and development system, deepen open cooperation in all directions, and lead innovation and development through disruptive new technologies.
The second is to strengthen the country's strategic scientific and technological strength, give full play to the advantages of the new nationwide system, and make great efforts to break through key core technologies.
The third is to play the role of market mechanism, create a good ecological environment for industrial development, support the development of small and medium-sized scientific and technological enterprises in the sensor field, make up for shortcomings, and expand the market.
There are many types of smart sensing materials and devices, and a wide range of application scenarios. Therefore, it is recommended that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, we should give full play to the role of market mechanisms, improve the industrial ecological environment dominated by small and medium-sized scientific and technological enterprises, and establish government departments that provide comprehensive services for small and medium-sized enterprises to solve the problems they face in their development. , To give full play to the role of small and medium-sized scientific and technological innovation enterprises as market players. Accelerate the creation of a market environment in which companies related to smart sensing materials and devices operate independently and compete fairly, and improve the industrial chain, innovation chain, and capital chain. In Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao and other areas with developed electronic information industry, cultivate a group of "high-precision and new" enterprises of smart sensor materials and devices to promote the development of smart sensor industry clusters.
Looking forward to the future, I believe that we have the ability to seize the strategic commanding heights of smart sensing materials, devices, systems and applications, realize the autonomous controllability of the smart sensing industry chain and supply chain, and lay a solid foundation for building a world scientific and technological power and promoting high-quality economic development. Base.